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Rating details. All Languages. More filters. Sort order. Pawel marked it as to-read Apr 13, Tyler Gomez marked it as to-read Jun 02, Sean D. Asteroidenbergbauer marked it as to-read Jun 20, Kevin is currently reading it Jul 09, Many strategists and policymakers have concluded that because space-based systems are seen as exposed to attack—with little way to defend them—that the offense is the stronger form of warfare in space.
This conclusion is incorrect and has led to an underdeveloped US space strategy. Time-tested theory and principles of war underscore that the defense is the stronger form of warfare in space.
And the diplomatic and economic results cannot be assumed to be advantageous in the long term, as Klein believes that an aggressive weaponisation will only be beneficial to the United States in the short term, before the security paradox is realised. Indeed, that is a central aspect of my spacepower theory. Geopolitics and Geostrategy Strategic Air Power. Space Warfare: Strategy, Principles and Policy uses this fact to illustrate its author's point that despite an increasing reliance on space capabilities, the United States has yet to develop a comprehensive space-power theory. Equipment in the satellite improves the performance of surveillance, acquisition, and tracking, as well as damage assessment, and management functions. Grand strategy.
His theory of war offers a broad framework for reasoning through violent conflict to reach timeless strategic conclusions. In his work, the Prussian military strategist described the rational reasons for war, noting its place as an extension of policy by another means. Clausewitz outlined general principles useful to enact both an active and passive defense.
A weaker power is unlikely to overpower an adversary through violent conflict. Accordingly, an offensive strategy is the preferred instrument for the stronger power.
Clausewitz acknowledged that initiative will initially favor the attacker because an aggressor determines the time and place of initiating conflict. Nonetheless, the great Prussian advised that the offensive should not be confused with initiative itself.
It is possible to gain the initiative during a counterattack, which is one of the central purposes of the defense. Clausewitz asserted the superior strength of the defense, despite the considerable advantages the attacker might enjoy during the opening phases of hostilities.
At the operational and tactical level of warfare, the famed strategist observes that the advantages of defense include benefits from waiting and positioning. He concludes that forces should take defensive strategy when they are weaker than the adversary, but troops should take offensive actions as soon as practicable.
Consequently, a defensive strategy includes preparatory actions ahead of hostilities, to exploit any advantages gained during the course of war. What does this mean for space warfare and strategy? It means a defensive strategy is the stronger form of warfare in space, but assuming a defensive posture requires making adequate preparations. Unfortunately, in the absence of active traffic management, they offer little, if any, insight into where objects are going or what they intend to do. This guidance focused on having forces available for a counterattack and establishing a position of advantage from which to deploy them.
For space strategy, these defensive preparations should comprise measures taken to minimize the effectiveness of a hostile attack.
Such actions include, but are not limited to, self-protection countermeasures, hardening spacecraft, capability redundancy, satellite maneuverability, domain awareness, and multi-domain combat solutions. Using the lexicon of space professionals, this is mostly within the scope of space resilience.
According to a Office of the Secretary of Defense white paper , space resilience efforts include the characteristics of disaggregation, distribution, diversification, protection, proliferation, and deception. In the end, the term or definition we use to convey the idea is less important than actually implementing a defensive strategy that includes preparations to withstand an attack and then respond effectively and efficiently afterward.
Given the current state of technology and how the Pentagon employs space-based technologies, it is easy to see how Gray reached such a conclusion. Your reader barcode: Your last name:. Cite this Email this Add to favourites Print this page. You must be logged in to Tag Records.
Broken link? Where we are and where we're going Contemporary space strategies Maritime strategic principles Space is tied to national power Space operations are interdependent with others Celestial lines of communications Command of space Strategy of the offense and defense Strategic positions Blocking more Where we are and where we're going Contemporary space strategies Maritime strategic principles Space is tied to national power Space operations are interdependent with others Celestial lines of communications Command of space Strategy of the offense and defense Strategic positions Blocking Dispersal and concentration Actions by lesser powers Comparisons Space policy Summary and conclusions.
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